Species Profile

Species Babyrousa celebensis
Common Name North Sulawesi Babirusa
Family Suidae
Order Artiodactyla
Distribution North and Central Sulawesi
Habitat Restricted to tropical rainforest, particularly near rivers and lakes. They are diurnaland feed on a variety of foliage, roots, fruits, and invertebrates.
Description  Almost completely hairless with skin color varying from grey to brownish. Adults can weigh up to 100 kg and exceed 1 m in length. Babirusa are notable for the prominent tusks (elongated canine teeth) of the males, in which the top pair grow upwards through the skin and curve back over the face, sometimes even penetrating the skull.
Notes  Perhaps one of Sulawesi's most enigmatic animals, the 'Pig-deer' is not only bizarre in appearance, but is only ancestrally related to existing suids.

Morphological differences in pelage, tail, and tusk shape were recently (2002) used to elevate the subspecies into 3 distinct species from North and Central Sulawesi (B. celebensis), the Togian Islands (B. togeanensis), and Buru (B. babyrussa).

They are threatened by both hunting and habitat loss.

Conservation Status  Vulnerable
References  Leus, K. & Oliver, W. (2008). Babyrousa celebensis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 15 November 2008

Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of Babirusa (Babyrousa sp.) to full species level. IUCN/SSC Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group (PPHSG) Newsletter 2(2): 33-39.

# cld1309116
North Sulawesi, Indonesia

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Distribution of Babyrousa celebensis.

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